Peanut is not considered strictly as a dry fruit but as an oilseed. This legume is also called peanut, ground pistachio or, more rarely, ground pea.
The history of peanut
The peanut was first cultivated in South America before conquering the conquistadors. This seed is mentioned for the first time in a Spanish chronicle of 1569, about Peru where we found in large numbers of shoots and seeds of peanuts in pre-Columbian graves. China and India are the main world producers, but they are not very present on the international market due to strong local demand. Thus, productions then emerged in North Africa and especially in Egypt.
The cultivation of peanut
Each groundnut plantation has only one production cycle and the harvest period is from August to November at the latest. Nowadays, with the mechanization of the crops, the use of the machine to cut the main root of the peanut is essential. It is by cutting through the ground that the machine lifts the "bush" and shakes it before turning it over, leaving the plant upside down on the ground to prevent peanuts from falling to the ground. This allows the peanuts to dry slowly over a period of three to four days